IEEE Standards for Stationary Battery Maintenance and Monitoring
(Please click standard number to access and purchase articles through IEEE Xplore.)
1491-2012 – IEEE Guide for Selection and Use of Battery Monitoring Equipment in Stationary Applications
Operational parameters that may be observed by battery monitoring equipment used in stationary applications and the relative value of such observations are discussed in this guide. Although a list of commercially available systems is not given, a means for establishing specifications for the desired parameters to be monitored is provided.
IEEE 1187-2013 – IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
This recommended practice provides guidance for the installation and installation design of valve-regulated lead acid (VRLA) batteries. This recommended practice is intended for all standby stationary installations. However, specific applications, such as emergency lighting units and semi-portable equipment, may have other appropriate practices and are beyond the scope of this recommended practice. Alternative energy applications are not covered.
1188-2005 – IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA) Batteries for Stationary Applications
This recommended practice is limited to maintenance, test schedules, and testing procedures that can be used to optimize the life and performance of valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries for stationary applications. It also provides guidance to determine when batteries should be replaced.
New guidance to users dealing with premature capacity failures with VRLA batteries and updated definitions are addressed in 2014’s amendment.
450-2010 – IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
Maintenance, test schedules, and testing procedures that can be used to optimize the life and performance of permanently installed, vented lead-acid storage batteries used for standby service are provided. This recommended practice also provides guidance to determine when batteries should be replaced. This recommended practice is applicable to standby service stationary applications where a charger maintains the battery fully charged and supplies the dc loads.
1106-2015 – IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation, Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for Stationary Applications
This recommended practice provides recommendations for installation design and for installation, maintenance, and testing procedures that can be used to optimize the life and performance of vented nickel-cadmium batteries, including partially recombinant types, used in stationary applications.
Annex H: Internal ohmic measurements – “Internal ohmic measurements (see Clause 3) provide a means to assess the electronic and ionic conduction paths within a cell. These measurements are used for detection of cell abnormalities and to assess changes over time.”
446-1995 – IEEE Recommended Practice for Emergency and Standby Power Systems for Industrial and Commercial Applications
This Recommended Practice addresses the uses, power sources, design, and maintenance of emergency and standby power systems.
IEEE 1561-2019 – IEEE Guide for Optimizing the Performance and Life of Lead-Acid Batteries in Remote Hybrid Power Systems
This guide is applicable to lead-acid batteries that are used as the energy storage component in remote hybrid power supplies. The remote hybrid application, with its dual generator option, i.e., both renewable and dispatchable generation, is advantageous in that the battery can usually be charged at will and under circumstances that may also be advantageous for the dispatchable generator.
IEEE 1657-2018 – IEEE Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualifications for Installation and Maintenance of Stationary Batteries
The areas of recommended knowledge for installers and maintainers of stationary batteries and related systems, to the extent that they affect the battery, are defined in this recommended practice. Only lead-acid and nickel-cadmium battery technologies are covered in this recommended practice. An outline (not necessarily in training order) of the items that should be covered by training programs for stationary battery installation and maintenance personnel is provided.